Pat Pimm says we don’t need the Charter – Video

first_imgHowever, it goes on to say… it’s refreshing to have a new MLA, who isn’t sticking to a script, crafted by communication staff and it credits Mr. Pimm for apparently being willing to say what he thinks, even if it’s not in line with party policy. The video below was taken from the BC Legislature on October 29th, 2009. The Victoria Times Colonist is running a story this morning, based on what it says, was a recent speech in the legislature, by North Peace MLA Pat Pimm.It claims he put forward his reasons for wanting to scrap the countries Charter of Rights. It quotes the Lower Langdale Tattler, what it calls an irregular publication of NDP MLA Nicholas Simons, as reporting that Mr. Pimm said for 99 per cent of the people out there, the document doesn’t even need to exist.Below is the full quote from Pat Pimm’s speech, “I just don’t think it’s a good document whatsoever myself,” Pimm said in the legislature.  For 99 per cent of the people out there, that document doesn’t even need to exist, first off. It’s only about one per cent or two per cent of the people that it’s even developed for, and it’s to keep the lawyers and the judges and everybody working to support the system.”- Advertisement -The quote comes from a speech Pimm gave during a legislative debate on a bill to deny welfare to people found outstanding arrest warrants.The story goes on to suggest, the local MLA indicated the charter’s the primary beneficiaries, are the lawyers, judges and everybody working to support the system and it speculates many of his constituents likely share his views.The newspaper article adds those views are alarming and suggest he’s a lot more comfortable with government intrusions, into the private lives of citizens, than he should be.Advertisementlast_img read more

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Confed Cup shows Russia ready to host World Cup

first_imgThis could be the last Confed Cup in it’s current format — Infantino has said the competition is under review — but the fortnight-long tournament proved Russia can host a World Cup.With less than a year to go before the World Cup starts on June 14 2018, fears racism and hooliganism would blight the Confed Cup proved unfounded.“We had been hearing before this tournament about a lot of ‘problems’ we would experience here,” said Infantino.“If a problematic tournament looks like this one, well, I want to have many problematic tournaments going forward,” he quipped.Russia’s players attend a training session in Kazan on June 23, 2017, on the eve of their 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup match against Mexico © AFP/File / FRANCK FIFEGermany’s head coach Loew warmly praised the hosts after his inexperienced squad, minus their World Cup winning stars, came of age to beat Chile.“Many thanks to Russia – you have been great hosts in the different cities where we have played,” said Loew.“We have seen excellent conditions at the stadiums, this has been brilliantly organised and we’ve met some outstanding people along the way.”The 16 matches passed off without incident off the field and the main talking points were the controversial testing of the video assistant referee (VAR) and Cristiano Ronaldo’s performances for Portugal.The Real Madrid superstar produced three man-of-the-match performances, but left the tournament when Portugal lost their semi-final to Chile — jetting off to be with his new-born twins rather than help beat Mexico in the third-place play-off.– VAR in spotlight –Chile’s goalkeeper Claudio Bravo receives the Golden Glove from FIFA president Gianni Infantino at the end of the 2017 Confederations Cup final match, Chile vs Germany, in Saint Petersburg, on July 2, 2017 © AFP / FRANCK FIFEThe VAR received a mixed reception, but Infantino has described it as “the future of football”.Infantino admits the system needs refining and FIFA will decide whether to use it at next year’s World Cup.The system largely removed blatant refereeing mistakes, but led to some disruptions during matches.“The VAR is a very positive tool for the sport as it helps referees avoid committing mistakes,” said legendary former ref Pierluigi Collina, now chairman of FIFA’s Referees Committee.“We are aware we can improve, but it would be very surprising after so few matches if it was perfect.”The system is not error-free — after Chile’s Gonzalo Jara elbowed the Confed Cup’s top-scorer Timo Werner in the face during the final — a scene reviewed by the VAR — Jara was only booked.Off the pitch, allegations of doping in Russian football again emerged during the tournament, but the local organising committee (LOC) said they have shown Russia is ready.“For Russian football, this tournament has been unprecedented in many ways,” said LOC boss Alexey Sorokin.“It has allowed us to watch beautiful football and dispel many concerns people may have had about large-scale events here.”Security was extremely high at all four venues in Moscow, St Petersburg, Kazan and Sochi — seven more will be added for next year’s World Cup.– ‘Flying colour’ –To enter the stadiums and fan zone, fans had to pass safety checks, including bags being x-rayed and the use of metal detectors, typical of those found at airports.There was an extra layer of security as supporters had to register their details and present a FAN ID, bearing their picture, with a match ticket to be allowed into the stadiums.Given the tradition of Russian supporters coming to games late, there were reports of some Fan ID centres at venues being overwhelmed just before kick-off.With an average of 30,000 spectators per match in the group stages, most venues were around two thirds full — apart from the Russia matches which were played to packed houses.Apart from the odd grumble about heavy traffic in St Petersburg and Moscow, which delayed teams on the way to training, coaches and players alike praised the venues, logistics and facilities in Russia.“They say that the Confed Cup is a dress rehearsal for the World Cup. After three weeks here, we can say that Russia has passed that test with flying colours,” said Germany’s winning captain Julian Draxler.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Germany’s head coach Joachim Loew warmly praised the Confederations Cup hosts Russia after his inexperienced squad, minus their World Cup winning stars, came of age to beat Chile in the final © AFP / Patrik STOLLARZSAINT PETERSBURG, Russian Federation, Jul 3 – Germany’s Confederations Cup-winning coach Joachim Loew and FIFA president Gianni Infantino have led the calls for giving Russia the seal of approval to host next year’s World Cup.Lars Stindl’s first-half goal in Sunday’s final sealed Germany’s 1-0 win over Chile, bringing down the curtain on the 2017 Confed Cup — a warm-up for next year’s World Cup finals.last_img read more

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Need a quality motorhome? Donagheys is the place to go!

first_imgDonaghey Motorhomes and Van centre are the largest dealers in Ireland for motorhomes, campervans and commercial vans, check out what amazing models they have in stock this season:We have up to 100 motorhomes in stock at any one time, our backup service is renowned throughout the country. We hold franchises for Hymer, Dethleffs, Carado, Carthago and Knaus.NEW Dethleffs Globebus T1New Knaus Boxstar 600 Street MQAt Donagheys, we also have a great selection of pre-owned motorhomes. We have motorhomes to suit everyone with new Carado Motorhomes ideal for families in stock now with up to seven berths. Hymers both on Fiat and Mercedes are in stock now and well worth a look. The very luxurious Carthago motorhomes are also in stock, as well as van conversions from Knaus and Autocruise. If you are looking for a good quality motorhome then Donagheys is the place to go.We are a Fiat Professional centre, the Ducato is proving to be the best commercial van on the road with great MPG figures and reliability. Customers like Highland Bakery, Lilys Flowers, Bonnar Engineering, Donegal Oil, Meenans  Plumbing, Dunleavy Decor, Donegal Gas, Donegal Metalcraft, who have purchased Ducato’s tell us that they are making fantastic savings on fuel over their previous vans.New Fiat Ducato Hymer Exsis i644NEW Fiat Ducato Carado A461There is a model for most people in the Ducato Range from SWB to XLWB with extra high roof all at very competitive prices.The Fiat Ducato in Germany is number 2 where they claim they are the masters of engineering. If Carlsberg did vans they would PROBABLY be Ducato! Check out the full selection of motorhomes now at donagheymotorhomes.ie and on Facebook here.Visit: Donaghey Motorhomes,Drumnahoe,Letterkenny,Co. Donegal,F92 ETF3Tel: (00353) 74 9129235Email : info@irishmotorhomes.comNeed a quality motorhome? Donagheys is the place to go! was last modified: April 21st, 2017 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Donaghey MotorhomesmotoringVehicleslast_img read more

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DONEGAL HURLERS SNATCH LATE VICTORY AGAINST SLIGO

first_imgA score in the dying moments of today’s Division 3A National Hurling League saw Donegal beat Sligo at O’Donnell Park, Letterkenny.Joe Boyle was the hero as it looked like Sligo would snatch the points.Donegal worked hard throughout with Niall Campbell scoring an impressive 10 points for the home side. Indeed Donegal went in 0-9 to 0-6 down at the break.They continued to work away and register the points but Sligo hit the back of the net twice to peg back those points.Stephen Gillespie managed to grab a goal back for Donegal but it was Joe Boyle who kept his composure in the dying moments with the vital pint to finish 1-16 to 2-12.    DONEGAL HURLERS SNATCH LATE VICTORY AGAINST SLIGO was last modified: March 18th, 2012 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:donegal hurlersO’Donnell Parklast_img read more

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‘No Man United players would get into the Liverpool team’, says former Reds star

first_img Dean Saunders questions whether Paul Pogba or David de Gea would get into Liverpool’s team Jose Mourinho is under pressure to deliver titles at Manchester United “De Gea over Alisson? Maybe. Pogba? Possibly, but with the disruption he is causing, I don’t know whether I would have him.“Liverpool have spent as well, but they have spent wisely and they are going in the right direction.“For Manchester United to spend £711million and have the team playing how it is at the minute, I just think it’s amazing.”Listen back to Dean Saunders on talkSPORT IN FULL above! Saunders addressed the disorder at Old Trafford on talkSPORT on Thursday and told host Jim White: “Manchester United are in turmoil. I can’t understand how it’s gone so pear-shaped.“The manager doesn’t look happy and the fans are really, really not happy.“Things are just not right at the club. It’s like two massive film stars getting married and you know it’s going to end in tears.”And his further comments about the state of Man United’s team are sure to not go down well with Red Devils supporters…The Welshman added: “Would any of their players get in Liverpool’s team?“I’m not Man United bashing, and I haven’t picked Liverpool because I used to play for them, I’ve picked them because they are one of the top teams this year.“United have spent £711million since Sir Alex Ferguson left the club, and they probably have not got one player who is a certainty to get into Liverpool’s team. 2 Manchester United don’t have any players who would get into Jurgen Klopp’s Liverpool team, according to Dean Saunders.The former Reds striker believes United supporters will be envious of Liverpool fans right now, with their club in ‘turmoil’ and their Merseyside rivals tipped to challenge for the Premier League title.There is a cloud over Old Trafford after a tumultuous summer and amid speculation over the future of manager Jose Mourinho.It has been suggested the Special One’s ‘third season curse’ could strike again this year, with the boss apparently at odds with the club board and a number of his star players –  which his alleged spat with Paul Pogba hitting the headlines.Reports claim United chiefs have thrown their support behind the under-fire boss, although nothing has been said publicly. 2last_img read more

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GARDAÍ HUNT ‘CRAZY’ GANG BEHIND CAR ARSON

first_imgGARDAÍ are hunting thugs who crashed a car through the grounds of an enterprise centre before setting it on fire.They are also investigating a link between the incident and the later theft of a brand new car from the home of a nearby resident.The incident happened in Killygordon….just weeks after a lack of gardai in the area prompted the setting up of a text alert scheme. The vehicle was driven through a fence of the CAKE Enterprise Centre at the Curragh Athletic Football Grounds.It was then set on fire.The gang responsible fled on foot – and then stole a brand new 151-registered car from a local resident.Gardai responded to the incident and are said to be following a definite line of inquiry. However some local residents fear the incident is the latest in a series of crimes in the area.“It’s like something you’d see in an American TV cop show, not Killygordon,” complained one local mum.“But that’s the sort of incident that is becoming more and more commonplace.”As dark evenings return, there is also a growing fear among rural communities – particularly in east Donegal – that crime gangs are planning more burglaries in the area.Three men seen acting suspiciously in Killea on Sunday night fled in a car when challenged by local residents. GARDAÍ HUNT ‘CRAZY’ GANG BEHIND CAR ARSON was last modified: October 6th, 2015 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:alertarsoncar crimecrimeCrossroadsdonegalKillygordontheftlast_img read more

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Half-time: Fulham 2 Derby County 1

first_imgMoussa Dembele scored his first senior goals as Fulham raced into a two-goal lead in the Capital One Cup fourth-round clash at Craven Cottage before Derby pulled one back with the last kick of the first half.Dembele twice netted following defensive aberrations by the visitors, who cut the deficit with Chris Martin’s penalty after Tim Hoogland had handled Omar Mascarell’s free-kick.Dembele pounced on left-back Craig Forsyth’s woeful back-pass and rounded keeper Kelle Roos before tapping into an empty net for the opener.And when Mascarell, who was not helped by Roos’ ropey pass, was robbed by Bryan Ruiz near the edge of the box, Dembele slotted home to double the Whites’ lead.Fulham had made the early running, with Emerson Hyndman sending a free-kick wide of the near post and Dembele having an effort saved.Dembele then had a clear sight of goal when he collected Elsad Zverotic’s pass and spun away from Derby defender Jake Buxton, but Roos produced a fine reaction save to temporarily deny the teenage striker.Centre-back Stephen Arthurworrey, making his first-team debut for Fulham, had a header from Sean Kavanagh’s left-wing corner saved.But Roos was unable to rescue his team when Forysth’s carelessness let in Dembele, who kept his composure to finish nicely.At the other end, Jeff Hendrick and Johnny Russell both sent efforts wide of the target.And keeper Gabor Kiraly produced a point-blank save from Russell after the Rams wide-man had exchanged passes with Simon Dawkins.However, after Dembele’s 45th-minute goal looked like sending Fulham in at the break with a two-goal cushion, Kiraly was unable to keep out Martin’s firmly struck spot-kick.As well as clinching a quarter-final place, a win for Fulham would be their sixth in nine games under caretaker boss Kit Symons.Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img read more

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Western Ohio Century Farm keeps family and agriculture as priorities

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest A commitment to family and agriculture chronicle the rich 190-year history of the Good-Woodruff Farm of Champaign County that started with a unique tale of love and perseverance.The family draws their lineage and history in America back to a man named Matthew Kavanagh. According to the family’s work in their own genealogical history, Kavanagh — originally from Ireland — was pledged by his parents at a young age to enter the Catholic priesthood. His young heart decided otherwise, though, and he fell in love with Elizabeth Smith. The situation at hand didn’t help matters as Elizabeth was studying to be a missionary for eventual service in the field. The two could not scrape together enough money for the passage to America through a sponsor or otherwise, and were split as Smith was sent as a missionary to Nova Scotia.Kavanagh decided to stow aboard a ship bound for America. He was soon discovered and assigned to work as a deckhand until he could be dropped off at the next port of call. As fate would have it, that stop just so happened to be Nova Scotia. He located Elizabeth from there and the two were soon married. After a time of saving money, they came to America and located in Cane, Kentucky.Arriving there in 1790 and staying until 1805, the two found themselves neighbors with very adventurous men — the likes of Daniel Boone, Simon Kenton, and Davy Crockett to name a few. Their family roots were not yet planted, though. There were rumors of fertile, land north of the Ohio River just waiting to be claimed.Following the signing of Treaty of Greenville in 1795, settlers began to move northward and in 1803, the state of Ohio was formed. Matthew Kavanagh and several others made a trip to scout for land for future settlement. The group found what they wanted on the banks of the Mad River, south of what is now West Liberty in Champaign County.Matthew and Elizabeth cleared woods, built a cabin, and started their family on the same piece of property on which the Woodruffs now reside. Though the surname has changed multiple times over the years, the devotion to the land and family has not.Here is an aerial view of the farm from early in the 20th century.A land grant signed by John Quincy Adams officially put the property under ownership of the Kavanagh family in 1825. Quite a bit has happened since then. The story of today’s owners begins in the middle of the 20th century when Joyce Good was growing up on the property, a recently registered Ohio Century Farm.Now married, Joyce Woodruff and her husband Tim are the current residents of the farm. They view themselves as just one part of a long line of family that has persevered on the farm. The family still proudly displays the original 1825 land grant for the property in their home.Joyce Woodruff grew up on the farm before moving away after marriage, only to return to the homestead after her parent’s death in the early 2000s. Many memories line the halls of the home and the well-groomed yards and barns just outside.The Woodruffs own the property in partnership with Joyce’s brother J. Thomas Good and his wife Linda who currently reside in Pennsylvania. The family appreciates their heritage on the land.“It definitely is a unique place we’ve been put in,” Joyce said. “We’re just the keepers for a while. The taxpayers maybe.”Their story on the farm began in 1966.“We got married in 1966 and I started here soon after that — just working and helping with the dairy,” Tim said. “When we got married, her dad was kind of short on help. Her mom was still helping at the dairy at the time. They were milking anywhere from 35 to 50 cows right out here in tie stalls.” Milking is just one of the many changes in agriculture and lifestyle that has seen a shift over the years.“It’s a lot different,” he said. “Her mom would come out and help wash cows for meThe Woodruffs look at the land grant for the property signed by John Quincy Adams.once in a while. We’d have to bring 10 in and then if you were doing it by yourself, you always changed all 10 at one time. If you had somebody helping you, somebody would be changing five while you’re milking the other five.”Dairy cows were milked on the farm until the mid-70s. They were sold at market with the intention of getting more — a plan that never came to fruition. Like many farms of its day, the operation also featured a plethora of other production animals like chickens, hogs, and beef cattle.Beef still reside at the farm. The family is involved with breeding and raising club calves, managed by Greg, Tim and Joyce’s son. Two steers from the farm even gathered grand and reserve champion at the 2014 Champaign County Fair.“I think I can say the cattle had heritage back into the early ‘60s. My brother bought two beef heifers and had 4-H projects and FFA with them,” Joyce said. “There have been beef cattle here for a while.”The farm also formerly sported a large garden and orchard. Looking back in the farm records, a completed order form for the purchase of orchard trees was found, specifying which items were added to the farm when the house was built in 1911.“Of course gardening was a big deal back then,” Joyce said “There wasn’t refrigeration then and you didn’t have the grocery to go to. It is hard to imagine that today.”The registered Century Farm property is 158 acres. Nearby plots of 240 and 227 acres make up two additional farms the family bought more recently. Tim farms corn, soybeans, and occasionally wheat across the 625 combined acres.Technology has changed significantly through the years Tim has worked on the farm.“Back at that time, we farmed with two Olivers — a 77 and an 88 — and a 960 Ford tractor. When I started, we were planting four row 40-inch rows. Later on, we switched to a six row planter,” he said. “That kept us busy with those two Olivers. When we were doing all the plowing and working all the ground, her uncle from Mutual would come up and help when he was available. We even had an uncle down in Dayton that would come up and plow with the two-bottom plow on the Ford. They were glad to come up here and spend a week and help plow and stuff. We picked the ear corn with a two-row mounted Ford picker and filled a crib made out of used railroad ties.”The area is a hotbed for native-American artifact discovery and such items have often turned up during tillage on the farm.“When he was farming on an open tractor, he could look down and, every now and then, find an arrowhead,” Joyce said.“Now when you get in a big tractor, if you do any tillage at all you’re not going to see it except when you get out of the cab to walk around and pick up a rock or two. That’s one of the things I miss,” Tim said.Though farming has changed over the years, the main home on the property has not. It was built in 1911 and with indoor plumbing, a coal-fired heating system, and much more — the house was quite modern for its time. Prior to that, a log cabin was the main housing structure on the land. The property also includes an outhouse — though now just a curiosity.“The house is basically the same as it was then except the concrete garage was not here and there was a wash house,” Joyce said. “It has always been a multi-generational farm in that there were multiple generations always living here. That was true with my growing up too.”Her grandfather lived in the home until his passing.“Before that, his father had passed away when he was a pretty young man. His mother lived with him and her sister and brother and sometimes they think there were a couple of aunts here,” she said. “There’s a pantry here and there was an open area where you could sit, and Dad would say, ‘Well the old ladies sat here to peel the potatoes and onions.’”The family has a long history of community and church involvement that continues today. Joyce is active in the local historical society, which is working to bring the local town hall back to its original state. Tim is a member of the local Lion’s Club and serves on the local savings and loan board.“It’s just a unique community to live in that you can be involved and do those things,” Tim said.The couple has two children, Greg Woodruff and Jennifer Schwaderer, whom they expect to take over the home and the farm down the road, continuing the tradition started with a most unique love story.last_img read more

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How to Host Your Data for Less in Iceland’s Green Data Centers

first_imgCloud Hosting for WordPress: Why Everyone is Mo… Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting dan frommer Serverless Backups: Viable Data Protection for … Iceland’s nascent data center industry, powered by cheap, renewable energy, could be a growth driver in that nation’s economic recovery and the cloud computing revolution. It could also save your company money.If you’re looking to host data between Europe and the U.S., it’s worth taking a look at your options in Iceland.Because of Iceland’s unique climate, cooling costs are drastically lower than they are in places like New York and London. And the low cost of electricity helps push pricing down further.Don’t miss: Iceland’s Cheap, Green Cloud: How a Tiny Island Could Drive Big ChangesData CentersThe two big data centers right now are Verne Global and Thor. Both offer a range of services, including co-location. Verne is closer to the main Keflavik airport, while Thor is closer to the capital city of Reykjavik. (They’re all pretty close to each other, though.)Hosting, Cloud & IT Service ProvidersDatapipe, Colt, and Opin Kerfi have announced a presence at Verne’s facility. GreenQloud, a Reykjavik-based startup, is offering an suite of cloud services similar to Amazon Web Services, hosted in both Verne and Thor’s facilities. Others may follow.What kinds of services are a good bet for hosting in Iceland? The bandwidth situation is much-improved over a few years ago, but if latency is your top concern, Iceland may not be your best option. But Verne Global CTO Tate Cantrell – biased, of course! – estimates that companies could host 75% or more of their services in a facility like his, ranging from ERP and data analytics to backups.What about taxes? Once upon a time, Iceland’s nasty 25% value-added tax on servers was a big roadblock, but it’s gone now.If You Visit, Don’t Miss…One of the fringe benefits of hosting in Iceland is that you get to go there to check out your data center. Reykjavik is a neat place to visit for a couple of days, and Iceland’s countryside is beautiful. (Also, everyone speaks near-perfect English.)I recommend the Icelandair Marina hotel right next to the waterfront in downtown Reykjavik. It’s brand-new and super cool. For dinner, check out Grillmarkadurinn or Tapashusid; for breakfast or lunch, Aldin; and for coffee, Kaffismidja Islands.If you’re traveling with an unlocked phone, you can get a prepaid, data-only Vodafone SIM card with 5GB of data for about $15. (Check out the mobile phone shops at the main shopping mall in Reykjavik.) If you want to rent a mi-fi device with service in Iceland, check out Tep Wireless.And be prepared for sunlight all night long in summer and darkness almost all day in winter!Image courtesy of Shutterstock.center_img Related Posts Tags:#Data Centers#How To#web How Intelligent Data Addresses the Chasm in Cloudlast_img read more

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VFX Scenes You Thought Were Real

first_imgYou can’t always believe your eyes. VFX isn’t always made-up monsters and otherworldly landscapes. Sometimes the best VFX executions are subtle enough to be invisible.Top image from Brainstorm DigitalYou’d be surprised at some of the films that frequently rely on VFX. While they are now applied to almost every feature film for minor touch-ups, many movies rely on VFX to create objects, moods, or even entire locations that would otherwise be expensive, difficult, or even impossible to depict. They also make filmmaking much more forgiving by allowing production mistakes to be solved in post-production, rather than with a reshoot. Here are a few truly astounding breakdowns of what goes into the modern Hollywood picture.NightcrawlerWe’ll start with the more subtle examples of what capabilities computers have provided us with. The 2014 film Nightcrawler, while grounded in reality and not overly-stylistic, still benefitted from a plethora of minor adjustments that individually may seem pointless, but come together to create a perfect image as opposed to a slightly flawed one.This breakdown of the car chase in the film’s last act demonstrates some impressive digital compositing skills that are applied to everything from changing the color of a traffic light to replacing Jake Gyllenhaal’s ponytail.Rotoscoping, the art of cutting out on-screen elements frame-by-frame to hide or move them elsewhere, is a painstakingly tedious process that is used to great effect here. Also note the use of selective color correction to remove shadows and lighten underexposed areas. This breakdown is a perfect example of how forgiving filmmaking has become.American HustleNext up, we have the 2013 crime-drama, American Hustle. This is another movie that at first glance appears to be untouched by visual effects artists, save for some color grading. However, this breakdown reveals the problems the film’s production faced involving timing and set location, with unattractive construction equipment cluttering the building facade in the background.Obviously, the removal of this equipment was not essential to the aesthetic of the shot, nor the audience’s suspension of disbelief. However, it did result in a much cleaner image that was much closer to the director’s original vision.This showcases some more impressive rotoscoping, especially around the characters’ hair, which is one of the most difficult surfaces to deal with. Additionally, this breakdown shows the importance of good 3D motion-tracking. 3D motion-tracking is the process by which a program analyzes hundreds of high-contrast, consistent points within the shot, and using these points, calculates the placement of the camera within the scene based on how they move in relation to one another.This fundamental process is what allows artists to convincingly place any element they want into a shot that involves a moving camera. Even if all other aspects of a visual effect are flawless, the entire effort will fall flat if the motion tracking points aren’t accurate.ZodiacDavid Fincher is known for using VFX to aid the visual style and story of his films. Arguably the most impressive of these is the largely virtual crime scene featured in his 2007 film, Zodiac. This again prompts the question of whether or not digitally creating a simple neighborhood intersection is necessary. Regardless, the resulting scene featured a distinct lighting aesthetic and an imaginary environment that likely could not have been shot the traditional way.Among the most prominent techniques shown here are the placement and digital removal of the blue screen. Despite the consistently uneven lighting of the blue screens on set, there is not the slightest evidence of them in the final product, thanks to some expert-level chroma keying (removal of a color from an image). Like motion tracking, precise chroma keying is a key part of creating a photo-real scene. Additionally, the use of detailed 3D models and the seamless implementation of them are really inspiring.The human eye is very good at detecting fake light, and getting digital lights and textures to trick it is extremely hard to do. While not necessarily the most important element of CGI, accurate lighting is often the finishing touch that will take something fake from being impressive to being unnoticeable.Children of MenThe 2007 masterpiece, Children of Men, is conceptually a bit more far-fetched than the previously mentioned films, and contains many sequences that, while realistic, are still clearly a product of CGI. However, the most impressive of the many effects throughout the film is the digital recreation of a newborn infant.While it makes sense that acquiring a real human newborn might be difficult for a scene like this, it’s still surprising that the baby shown on screen was completely computer generated. An older baby could certainly have been used with some adjustments to the cinematography and editing, but director Alfonso Cuaron was able to commit to his vision with the assistance of CGI.This impressive feat was accomplished with all of the aforementioned techniques and more. One of the most challenging aspects of VFX is the depiction of physics. Like lighting, physics are an integral part of our visual perception of the world, and we tend to quickly notice when a familiar object doesn’t move the way it should. Every tiny movement the baby makes is entirely convincing, and despite Clive Owen’s hands being empty, it still appears to be resting within them.Texturing is one of the most difficult aspects of recreating human flesh, as it’s one of the most common surfaces we see on a day-to-day basis. While the infant’s textures were certainly top-notch, any flaws in them could be hidden with the low-key lighting and heavy shadows. This is a prevalent technique within the visual effects industry, seeing as darker lighting is more forgiving than say, daytime, which exposes every detail of its subjects.The Wolf of Wall StreetThis drug-fueled roller coaster ride of a movie was full of excess, and its utilization of VFX is no exception. Many of the set pieces of this film may have still been possible to shoot on location or without alteration, but Martin Scorcese clearly wanted to take everything above and beyond by creating extravagant settings beyond what even exists — though they aren’t necessarily far-fetched, either.One of the most fascinating VFX breakdowns of recent years, this mind-boggling highlight reel brings to light how far computer-driven filmmaking has come and will likely make you begin to question everything you see on screen.Matte painting (the blending of elements, both real and not, to create one landscape – based on set extension using actual paintings) is the most notable of the skills applied to create these sequences — though the use of 3D models, textures, lighting, 3D motion tracking, rotoscoping, green screen chroma keying, and more, are not to be taken lightly.The potential of being able to expand on the mise-en-scène of any given shot is endless, and The Wolf of Wall Street makes great use of this potential without the viewer ever realizing that they aren’t looking at a real place.In a time where Hollywood has become cluttered with a surplus of over-the-top CGI, it’s easy to view it as overused and even harmful to the industry’s creativity. However, if you can look past the shameless, invasive visual noise of many modern blockbusters, you’ll find that VFX, when used sparingly, can be a wonderful and inspirational tool in bringing even the most modest story to life.Which of these breakdowns did you find the most shocking? Let us know in the comments below.last_img read more

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