The strange history of the North American Arctic

first_imgArchaeologists mapping ancient cultures in the North American Arctic—a region spanning present-day Greenland—have long puzzled over how different cultures relate to one another. Now, an unprecedented large-scale genomics study has traced many such cultures to the Paleo-Eskimos, a people who early inhabited the harsh environment continuously for 4000 years, only to vanish mysteriously about 700 years ago. The discovery could change how scientists understand migration patterns in the North American Arctic.“This type of study … will be the key to solving many questions in history and prehistory,” says Svante Pääbo of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, who was not involved with the research.Archaeologists have found many distinct cultures in the New World Arctic’s past that belong to the Paleo-Eskimo tradition. First came the Saqqaqs, people who lived in tent camps and chased caribou and seals about 4000 years ago. Succeeding them were the Dorsets, walrus hunters whose culture went through three distinct phases 2800 years ago. Finally came the Thules, ancestors to modern Inuits, who sailed in large skin boats and hunted whales 1000 years ago.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)What puzzled scientists was the relationship between these cultures. Did they belong to one people or distinct groups? Did they represent one migration into the Americas from the Old World, or multiple waves?To answer these questions, biologist Maanasa Raghavan of the University of Copenhagen and her colleagues collected bone, teeth, and hair samples of 169 ancient humans from different time periods in the New World Arctic region. The team generated mitochondrial DNA and low-coverage whole genome data from these samples. They also sequenced genomes from present-day Inuits and Native Americans—the latter marked a first in research, as Native Americans often refuse DNA testing. The team obtained tribal permission with help from an indigenous woman.After comparing the ancient and modern genetic data, the researchers found that the Saqqaq and Dorset cultures belonged to one Paleo-Eskimo people, whose genetic lineage continued in the region for more than 4000 years, from 3000 B.C.E. to 1300 C.E., contradicting previous theories that the diverse cultures came from different peoples.The Paleo-Eskimos are genetically distinct from Native Americans and Inuits, which means they represent a separate, later pulse of migration into the New World, says evolutionary geneticist Eske Willerslev of the University of Copenhagen, a co-author of the study. This contradicts previous theories that humans arrived in the Americas in three waves, painting a scenario of four waves instead—the Amerinds, the Na Dene Native Americans, the Paleo-Eskimos, and the Neo-Eskimo Thules.The discovery, reported online today in Science, gives researchers a better understanding of Paleo-Eskimos—a people who were close to nature and held on to traditional values—while raising more questions about them. For one, the study suggests that Paleo-Eskimos were a resilient people who survived Artic climate changes for thousands of years, including cold spells that depopulated most of the region. During those times, they likely took refuge in resource-abundant areas such as southern Canada, and spread out across the Arctic again during warmer times, Willerslev says.Those residing in southern Canada would have shared the land with Native Americans for thousands of years, he says, yet genetic and archaeological evidence indicates no signs of mingling or intermarriage. “When we see people meeting each other, they may fight each other, but normally they also have sex with each other,” he says. “That does not seem to be the case here.”In fact, genetic analysis shows that all Paleo-Eskimos shared the same mitochondrial DNA, which is passed from mothers to children. This unusual homogeneity suggests few women were among the early Paleo-Eskimo settlers, Willerslev says.The finding is consistent with previous Y-chromosome analyses that suggest early Paleo-Eskimo settlers could have ranged from as few as 40 to 50 people closely related to one another, says anthropologist Theodore Schurr of the University of Pennsylvania, who was not involved with the research.The tiny founder population might also explain why Paleo-Eskimos didn’t interact with other groups, but instead evolved diverse cultures on their own, Schurr says. Scientists suspect that even at the height of development, the Paleo-Eskimo population never exceeded 3000.These reindeer hunters would have broken off into small pockets scattered across the New World Arctic, Schurr says. Each pocket may have adapted to local conditions and developed individual lifestyles in isolation.What intrigues researchers most is why the Paleo-Eskimo lineage disappeared after the late Dorsets, around the same time that Neo-Eskimo Thules expanded rapidly to the Arctic. Archaeologists have found no evidence of violent conflict between the Thules and the Dorsets, but it would be hard to ignore contrasts between the two groups. The whale-hunting Thules lived in large, well-organized villages and boasted advanced technologies such as dog sleds and sinew-backed bows. The Dorsets, on the other hand, lived in small villages of 20 to 30 people and hunted with chipped stone blades.The researchers suspect that the Dorsets might have been pushed out to the fringes of the Arctic, or perhaps annihilated by a disease. “It’s just mind-blowing to imagine an entire people who just completely vanished,” Willerslev says.last_img read more

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Ajay Alok resigns as JD(U) spokesman, says he doesn’t want to ‘embarrass’ Nitish

first_imgJD(U) leader Ajay Alok has resigned from the post of party spokesperson stating that he does not wish to cause “embarrassment” to Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar, who also heads the party. Although Mr. Alok, one of the most visible faces of his party, didn’t elaborate on what might have “embarrassed” his political mentor, there have been murmurs of Mr. Kumar being upset over his party spokesperson going overboard in his criticism of the Mamata Banerjee government in West Bengal and illegal immigration.He shared his resignation letter, addressed to the party’s state unit chief Vashishtha Narayan Singh, on his Twitter handle late on Thursday night.“I am writing to inform you that I am resigning from post of spokesperson of the party as I feel I am not doing a good job for the party. I thank you and the party for giving me this opportunity but please accept my resignation,” Mr. Alok said in the short letter of resignation. In a subsequent tweet, he said, “I have resigned as a Spokesperson from JDU as I think I am not doing good job as my views which are mine ofcourse do not match with my party. Thanks to my Party and my President who has always supported me and I don’t want to be a source of embarrassment for @NitishKumar (sic).” On Wednesday, Mr. Alok had rebuffed Ms. Banerjee after she reportedly issued a statement commending Mr. Kumar for JD(U)’s decision to contest assembly elections in four states, other than Bihar, on its own and not as a part of the NDA. Mr. Alok had accused the Trinamool Congress chief, of “converting her state into a mini Pakistan” and alleged that Biharis living in West Bengal were being driven out “not by Bengalis, but by Rohingyas”.The utterances had evoked criticism from opposition leaders in Bihar, some of them charging Mr. Alok with echoing the views of the Sangh Parivar notwithstanding Mr. Kumar’s claims of adherence to social justice and communal harmony. Notably, less than 24 hours before Mr. Alok announced his resignation, he had come out with a couple of tweets urging the Narendra Modi government at the Centre to crack down on the problem of illegal immigration.“With the sacking of Income Tax department officials, @narendramodi has given a message that he is committed to wiping out corruption. But now, assets of those BSF officials who have been posted at borders along Bangladesh and Burma (Myanmar) must also be looked into. Bangladeshis and Rohingyas did not sneak inside just like that,” he had tweeted. In another tweet, he remarked, “Only railing against @MamataOfficial will not do. We need to strengthen our own mechanism, especially when @AmitShah is our Home Minister. Illegal immigration must be curbed. When, if not now?”last_img read more

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EAC, Letran triumph

first_imgHotel says PH coach apologized for ‘kikiam for breakfast’ claim Atoning for missed opportunities in previous games when the Generals relied on his shotmaking, Munsayac did not disappoint with an assist and a key basket inside the last minute as the Generals completed an impressive comeback for their sixth win in 12 games.“We’re very thankful for this win because we’ve been struggling to adjust without (Hamadou) Laminou,” said EAC coach Ariel Sison. The 6-foot-8 Laminou has been sidelined for more than a month after sustaining a season-ending ACL injury.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSBoxers Pacquiao, Petecio torchbearers for SEA Games openingLetran also improved to 6-6, while gifting coach Jeff Napa a victory on his 37th birthday as the Knights turned back the Arellano Chiefs, 84-73, in the second game.JP Calvo and Bong Quinto fired 20 points each for the Knights, who led by as large as 18 points in the third period. Still, Letran went through anxious moments when the Chiefs closed in at 73-79 with 37 seconds remaining only for Calvo to stop the bleeding with a triple. Beermen, Painters try to bolster Q’Final bid Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games ‘A complete lie:’ Drilon refutes ‘blabbermouth’ Salo’s claims LATEST STORIES Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. No more menthol cigarettes: New ban on tobacco, vape flavors Argentine bishop appears at court hearing on abuse charges Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ MOST READ “At least, we’re back on the win column,” said Napa. “It’s an important win because it’s a tight race from No. 3 to No. 6 and a lot of things can happen.”Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Winter storm threatens to scramble Thanksgiving travel plans Trump to designate Mexican drug cartels as terrorist groups View comments Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ Jeric Diego of EAC and JRU’s Abdul Wahab battle for position for the rebound. —AUGUST DELA CRUZFinally figuring out a way to cope with the absence of its prized big man, Emilio Aguinaldo College brought down another contender Tuesday in NCAA Season 93.Sidney Onwubere exploded for 28 points, but it was diminutive guard Francis Munsayac who made the biggest plays down the stretch as the Generals subdued the Jose Rizal U Heavy Bombers, 88-84, to stay within Final Four range at Filoil Flying V Centre in San Juan.ADVERTISEMENTlast_img read more

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Govt Committed To Protecting Consumers’ Rights

first_img Director General in the Ministry of Industry, Commerce, Agriculture and Fisheries, Vivian Brown, says the Government remains committed to creating the legislative framework to protect consumers’ rights, while increasing their confidence in the business environment. Political Ombudsman, Donna Parchment-Brown, who was the guest speaker, praised Ms. Campbell for her work in consumer rights advocacy, which spans five decades.She noted that the body of work has assisted in shaping national legislation, giving rise to a number of consumer protection agencies including the Bureau of Standards Jamaica (BSJ), Consumer Affairs Commission (CAC), Fair Trading Commission (FTC), Office of Utilities Regulation (OUR), and the National Consumers’ League (NCL).‘The Jamaican Consumer Story’ will assist us in respecting and celebrating our journey to this place and craft a place where our grandchildren can be proud and safe,” Mrs. Parchment-Brown said.Others offering commendations to Ms. Campbell were Executive in Residence, Mona School of Business and Management, James Moss-Solomon; Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the CAC, Dolsie Allen; and Honorary Consul of  Poland in Jamaica, Irena Cousins. Director General in the Ministry of Industry, Commerce, Agriculture and Fisheries, Vivian Brown, says the Government remains committed to creating the legislative framework to protect consumers’ rights, while increasing their confidence in the business environment.“This means regularly reviewing and modernising our consumer protection laws, ensuring that there is effective redress for aggrieved consumers and empowering citizens to become more informed and responsible consumers,” he said.He noted that as the Ministry with portfolio responsibility for consumer protection, “our business is about putting power in the hands of the consumer. They must be given the right tools and the necessary information to enable them to make informed choices. They ought to enjoy the same rights wherever they are in Jamaica and wherever they shop.”“Both the efficient functioning of our markets and the well-being of our society depend not only on proper legislation and enforcement, but also, to a large extent, on consumer awareness and how individual citizens use their power of choice,” Mr. Brown added.He was speaking at the book launch of ‘The Jamaican Consumer Story’ on Thursday (September 28) at the Olson Memorial Chapel in Kingston.The book, written by noted consumer rights advocate and past president of the National Consumers’ League (NCL), Joyce P. Campbell, chronicles the history and development of the consumer movement in Jamaica. It is being distributed by Pelican Publishers and will soon be available at select stores. Story Highlightscenter_img  ‘The Jamaican Consumer Story’ will assist us in respecting and celebrating our journey to this place and craft a place where our grandchildren can be proud and safe,” Mrs. Parchment-Brown said. Political Ombudsman, Donna Parchment-Brown, who was the guest speaker, praised Ms. Campbell for her work in consumer rights advocacy, which spans five decades.last_img read more

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Essex Valley Irrigation System to Be Upgraded

first_img These include the development of lands; construction of access roads; and the construction of a pump-house, and well drilling. Story Highlights Essex Valley in St. Elizabeth is to benefit from the development of its irrigation infrastructure in the upcoming fiscal year. The project seeks to assist in the achievement of food security and the modernisation of the agricultural sector by increasing the area under formal irrigation in St. Elizabeth by 50 per cent and the yield of crops in Essex Valley to a minimum of 90 per cent of their potential yield. Essex Valley in St. Elizabeth is to benefit from the development of its irrigation infrastructure in the upcoming fiscal year.A sum of $457.6 million has been provided in the 2018/19 Estimates of Expenditure to undertake this work and other activities.These include the development of lands; construction of access roads; and the construction of a pump-house, and well drilling.The project seeks to assist in the achievement of food security and the modernisation of the agricultural sector by increasing the area under formal irrigation in St. Elizabeth by 50 per cent and the yield of crops in Essex Valley to a minimum of 90 per cent of their potential yield.This will be done through the construction of wells and the development of associated agricultural infrastructure in the arable Essex Valley area.It is being implemented by the Ministry of Economic Growth and Job Creation with funding support from the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB).The project is slated to run from April 2017 to March 2020.last_img read more

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Canada hoping to solve US tariff dispute by G20 meetings at months

first_imgWASHINGTON — Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is setting his sights on the end of the month as the next target date for reaching a trade-and-tariff detente with the United States.All three countries are expected to take part in a signing ceremony for the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement during the two-day G20 summit, which gets underway Nov. 30 in Buenos Aires — although Canada has warned it will be a low-key, low-level affair if steel and aluminum tariffs are still in place.There’s still time to change that, Trudeau suggested Monday during a news conference in Paris.“I absolutely brought it up,” Trudeau said of his discussions with U.S. President Donald Trump during a dinner Friday organized by French President Emmanuel Macron.One government official, speaking on condition of anonymity in order to discuss details of a private meeting, said the two leaders had a good exchange on tariffs that included Trudeau making clear to the president the tariffs are hurting consumers and producers on both sides of the Canada-U.S. border.“The issue of steel and aluminum tariffs continues to be a concern to Canadians, like it is of concern to many American citizens and companies,” Trudeau said.  “This is something that, as I’ve said before and as I related to President Trump, I hope we’re able to solve by the time we meet each other in the G20 in Argentina.”David MacNaughton, Canada’s ambassador to the U.S., said in an interview last week that some high-level talks on the tariff issue have taken place, and that he has extended an invitation to U.S. trade czar Robert Lighthizer to get formal negotiations back underway.Insiders say the U.S. has been demanding quotas be imposed on Canadian exports, something Ottawa has made clear is a non-starter.MacNaughton and Trudeau have both indicated that if a signing ceremony does take place soon, it won’t include high-level dignitaries like the prime minister or Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland if the tariffs — 25 per cent on steel and 10 per cent on aluminum — remain in place.On the Mexican side, however, there’s an expectation negotiators there are poised to agree to quotas in order to get the deal signed before Dec. 1, which is when incoming president Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador’s new administration could inject an unwelcome element of uncertainty.Resolving the tariff issue with Mexico is the more pressing priority for the U.S., said Dan Ujczo, a trade lawyer and partner with Ohio-based Dickinson Wright.“The actual issue is to ensure that there’s nothing that’s going to stop Mexico from signing this deal before Dec. 1, and giving relief to farm country in the U.S. to Mexico’s retaliatory tariffs,” Ujczo said.“I think Canada’s an afterthought for the U.S. right now in this process.” James McCarten, The Canadian Presslast_img read more

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Fans in Canada and abroad mourn and reflect as Kawhi Leonard leaves

first_imgTORONTO — Though his jersey may have said Toronto, Raptors fans across the country — and beyond — are in mourning after star player Kawhi Leonard opted to leave Canada’s only NBA team.The two-time NBA Finals MVP, who joined Toronto’s team just a year ago when he was traded by the San Antonio Spurs, has reportedly signed with the LA Clippers after carrying the Raptors to the NBA Championship for the first time in franchise history last month.William Om, a 27-year-old Raptors fan from Montreal, said it’s painful to see an elite player come to Canada only to leave after such a brief period.“It hurts everybody, because of course we want to keep the best players,” he said in a phone interview.But he said Leonard has won over his allegiance, regardless of where he takes his talents. In fact, Om said he’s already ordered a Clippers jersey with Leonard’s name on the back.“What happened in Toronto, the way he played and everything, made me admire him a little more,” he said. “No matter where he goes I’ll support him as a Clipper.”But while some fans such as Om are grateful for Leonard’s efforts — #ThankYouKawhi was trending on Twitter Saturday after news of his departure broke — others are not so generous.Andrew Ostasz, 33, of Hamilton said he was “disgusted” with the way Leonard left the team.“The Raptors brought him here to give him every chance to succeed … basically turned him into the top three player in the league,” Ostasz said.That sentiment was echoed by Manuel Lutz, who would sometimes wake up in the middle of the night to watch the Raptors play from his home in southern Germany.“As I heard it, I was furious. How could he do that?” the 40-year-old fan said.But Lutz said his heart has softened in the time since the news came out. He now sees that it’s best to let Leonard go.“There is a saying in Germany, ‘do not keep travellers from travelling’, and that’s the way I see the position right now,” he said.As the acceptance begins to settle in, fans are turning their attention to all that Leonard brought to the Raptors in his short time in Toronto.“I never thought this would happen in my lifetime. I never thought I’d see Toronto win a championship,” said Corey West, 38, of Halifax.“You can’t really be mad because he gave you the one thing that we wanted,” West said. “It shouldn’t tarnish his legacy because he did the one thing no one else really could and that was to lead us to a championship — So I think he should be remembered fondly.”—With files from Olivia Blackmore in Halifax, Morgan Lowrie in Montreal and Brenna Owen in Vancouver.Lidia Abraha, The Canadian Presslast_img read more

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Another opportunity for Indian Boxing World to enhance the greatness of this

first_imgBangkok: WBC president Mauricio Sulaiman is in support of Mr. Amjad Khan for his great contribution towards promoting boxers all over India. Consistently he has been involved in expanding boxing activities in India, recently he arranged a meeting with officials of World Boxing Council in Bangkok this week to expand boxing all over India.Chutitorn Sam Gongsakdi, Ambassador of Thailand India with Mr. Khan has up the Fighting event going to be held between India and Bangkok soon. Mr. Gonksakdi said he will always be in the support of these type of events organise to promote sports culture with Mr. Amjad Khan (International Boxing Promoter). Also, Its been an honour for us to appreciate Mr. Saahil Peerzada, Business Tycoon of India who stood by the youth with Mr. Khan at a time when they need them the most. He is the real inspiration for youth to develop them as a new character under his presence. Entire Amjad Khan boxing foundation appreciate his contribution. Seems like King Khan is taking Indian boxing to the next level.last_img read more

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Freed Sri Lankan fishermen set sail for IMBL

Seven Sri Lankan fishermen held on charges of trespassing into Indian waters were released and sent back along with their boat today (Monday), the Times of India reported.Indian Coast Guard ship Vaibhav apprehended these fishermen, hailing from Puthalam in Sri Lanka, 58 nautical miles off Tuticorin port on April 4. They were brought to Tuticorin on April 6. Ramanathapuram judicial court remanded these fishermen in judicial custody. They were lodged in Puzhal Central Prison in Chennai while their fishing boat was retained in Tuticorin. On April 21, a Ramanathapuram court ordered their release, and they were brought to Tuticorin. The fishermen sailed from Tuticorin old fishing harbour on Monday afternoon. The Indian Coast Guard would hand them over to the Sri Lankan navy at International Maritime Boundary Line on Tuesday, officials said. read more

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UNICEF backs call for urgent help to millions of girls denied an

UNICEF is happy with agreements reached at an EFA meeting this week in New Delhi, India, a UN spokesman said today.The agency was especially pleased with recommendations to support UNICEF’s strategy to get more girls into school and to strengthen the UN Girls’ Education Initiative, the spokesman added. An estimated 65 million girls around the worldwide are currently denied the right to have an education.On 11 December, UNICEF will launch what it describes as its flagship publication, “The State of the World’s Children,” with a special focus on girls’ education.

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Caledonia Mining lines up expansion of gold output from Zimbabwe

first_imgThe New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) has approved the listing of Caledonia Mining Corp’s common shares on the NYSE American stock exchange. Steve Curtis, CEO, stated “This listing for the company on the NYSE American is another significant step for Caledonia which joins some of the world’s best-known gold and precious metals companies with a listing on this prestigious US exchange. This further step in the development of Caledonia’s corporate status has taken place against the backdrop of continued progress on our major operational development projects, principally the sinking of the Central Shaft at the Blanket mine in Zimbabwe.“The Central Shaft, which is being funded from Blanket’s internal resources, is expected to fundamentally change the nature of Blanket’s operations by improving operating efficiencies and providing access to deeper levels for exploration, development and production. Completion of the Central Shaft remains on schedule for the fourth quarter of 2018.“ The listing on the NYSE American is intended to provide the company with greater access to US institutional and retail investors which in turn is hoped will result in better overall trading liquidity, a lower cost of capital and other benefits for Caledonia and its shareholders”.Following the implementation of indigenisation in Zimbabwe in September 2012, Caledonia’s primary asset is a 49% interest in the operating Blanket gold mine. Blanket plans to increase production from 50,351 oz in 2016 to approximately 80,000 oz in 2021.last_img read more

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GOCMV original minutes for all to see

first_imgThe very first minutes written in 1897 by members of the Greek Orthodox Community of Melbourne and Victoria (GOCMV) have been released digitally for the community to see in a historical way to make the 114th anniversary of the GOCMV on 27 August.General Secretary of the Greek Orthodox Community of Melbourne and Victoria (GOCMV) Costas Marcos took on the auspicious task of digitising the very first minutes of the GOCMV. for the past six months. He did this because he felt the minuters were the “most important part of the history of GOCMV but not only that but the broader Greek community”. ” Looking at the minutes time after time I realised the incredible details that excised within the minutes,” Marcos told Neos Kosmos. Through the minutes, the community is able to find their ancestors, see the various philanthropic contributions the community made and also the contributions members made to the war efforts in Greece. The minutes also give you a clear understanding in the establishment of the GOCMV. These rare and historic documents encapsulate the very essence of the Greek cutlural heritage and the history of Greek migration to Victoria. By digitising these minutes, the GOCMV is able to preserve and promote them for benefit of today’s and future generations. “From an aesthetic point of view it’s an amazing piece of work they are hand-written by fountain pen,” said Marcos. “I don’t know of any particular documents like that from the early period of Greek migration.” As part of this project, Marcos aims to find out detailed information of the first 100 contributors to the churt that are documents in the minutes. “There are about 120 members I have identified and I have found at least 85 per cent of their background – where they came from and what year they came to Australia.”To view the minutes visit greekcommunity.com.au Facebook Twitter: @NeosKosmos Instagramlast_img read more

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Les rhinocéros pourraient disparaître dAfrique du Sud dans quatre ans

first_imgLes rhinocéros pourraient disparaître d’Afrique du Sud dans quatre ansDans quatre ans, les rhinocéros pourraient avoir totalement disparu d’Afrique du Sud. Un scénario inéluctable si le pays ne parvient pas à lutter plus efficacement contre le braconnage intensif de l’espèce menacée Si le braconnage continue de décimer les rhinocéros à son rythme actuel, l’espèce aura disparu d’Afrique du Sud d’ici quatre ans, alerte Karen Trendler. Surnommée “Maman rhino” après avoir pris soin de 200 petits rhinos à Pretoria, cette spécialiste sud-africaine des soins vétérinaires d’urgence ouvrira bientôt les portes d’un orphelinat pour accueillir les bébés dont les mères ont été tuées. Elle mène en ce moment une campagne pour récolter des fonds en faveur de cet orphelinat.À lire aussiMaladie de Charcot : symptômes, causes, traitement, où en est on ?”Je déteste être alarmiste ou envisager le pire, mais si le braconnage continue à ce rythme, dans les prochains mois, la population de rhinocéros va baisser et nous assisterons à son extinction, certains disent en 2015″, rappelle-t-elle à l’AFP. “Nous en sommes seulement aux trois premiers mois de l’année, et il y a déjà 109 tués. Cela nous met tous tellement en colère”, explique Karen Trendler. Le braconnage n’a cessé de s’intensifier ces dernières années. Il est de plus en plus organisé. Récemment, quatre braconniers infiltrés dans le parc national Kruger, la plus grande réserve animalière d’Afrique du Sud, ont été arrêtés. Le pays amplifie sa lutte, en déployant des centaines de soldats notamment. Mais la demande en cornes de rhinocéros est de plus en plus importante. “Avec la croissance économique en Asie, les gens ont plus d’argent pour acheter des soins de médecine traditionnelle et la croyance dans les vertus de la corne contre le cancer est malheureusement en vogue”, déplore Karen Trendler. “Il faut ajouter à ça l’aspect le plus sinistre de l’affaire qui consiste à faire des stocks en prévision de l’extinction de l’espèce, ou du moment où la population de rhinocéros chutera faisant monter le prix des cornes”, explique-t-elle.Le refuge qu’elle s’apprête à créer doit être installé dans la réserve de Mokopane, dans le Limpopo au nord du pays. Il sera doté d’une unité de soins intensifs, de couveuses, et sera surveillé par des caméras. Une fois soignés et suffisamment forts pour reprendre leur liberté, les petits rhinocéros retrouveront la vie sauvage.Le 14 mars 2012 à 20:23 • Maxime Lambertlast_img read more

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What Shape Do You See in the Orion Nebula

first_img What do you see in the image above?Some claim it’s a dark cat, front paws outstretched, nose gleaming white. I, however, can’t visualize anything but a fox-like animal, running with its mouth open and vibrant eye on the lookout.(In fact, it appears to me as Jack’s ghost-dog Zero from The Nightmare Before Christmas—but with a luminous peeper instead of glowing pumpkin nose.)There is no right answer: The unknowable shape is actually a dark nebula in the constellation of Orion, snapped by the European Space Agency’s Gaia satellite.Invisible to the naked eye, this cloud of gas and dust features a star cluster (the cat’s nose fox’s eye) near the famous Orion Nebula—one of the most heavily studied cosmic targets in the night sky.The powerful Gaia satellite, launched in 2013, has been charting more than a billion stars to “unprecedented accuracy,” according to the ESA. Even in the blackest areas of firmament, Gaia can capture information valuable to astronomers studying interstellar material that blocks starlight.“It is in these dark clouds of gas and dust that new generations of stars come to life,” the agency said.Two years ago, Gaia’s first data release revealed the position of more than a billion stars, as well as the distance and motions of about 2 million stars—information used to study the most nearby regions of star formation.Cosmologists, meanwhile, anxiously await the next dump, planned for April 25, which will include distance and motions for the full sample of stars.“With the new data, it will be possible to investigate in great detail regions that are much farther away, like the Orion star-forming complex, located some 1,500 light-years from us,” the European Space Agency explained.Finding patterns in dark nebulae—aka “dark cloud constellations”—is an astronomical pastime, a tradition of various cultures, from South America to Australia. Let us know what you like about Geek by taking our survey. NASA Shares Phone Wallpaper-Worthy Images of Feline NebulaAugust’s Must-See Cosmic Events Include Perseids Meteor Shower center_img Stay on targetlast_img read more

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David Luiz hails Chelsea spirit

first_imgChelsea defender David Luiz has praised Chelsea’s fighting spirit in Saturday’s thrilling 2-2 draw against Manchester United at Stamford Bridge.Despite an impressive first-half performance where Chelsea took the lead thanks to Toni Rudiger’s header and David Luiz believes more goals before the interval could have helped the home side.Manchester United fought back in the second half to take the lead, but a late Ross Barkley goal gave each side a point.“We tried to win from the beginning of the game,” Luiz told Chelsea FC website.“We controlled the game with possession, trying to create some space to score some goals. They came with a plan just to defend and play on the counter-attack.Harry Maguire, Manchester UnitedLiverpool legend Nicol slams Harry Maguire’s Man United form Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Steve Nicol believes Harry Maguire has made some “horrendous mistakes” recently, and has failed to find his best form since joining Manchester United.“I think in the first half it was just us who played. We could have done better by scoring the second goal to kill the game, but it is never easy to win in the Premier League, especially against a big opponent.“It gave them a chance because we had only scored one goal and in the second half they came and scored a lucky goal with the ball touching a player and bouncing about. After they scored they had a bit more confidence, and it was a great game. This is the Premier League against fantastic teams, so we have to keep going and try to work hard.“Even though we were 2-1 down, we kept trying to score the equaliser and we did that in the end so I think the spirit was amazing. This was a big game against a big club, and it is always like this. We have to realise we had amazing spirit to try and score the second goal and we did that in the end.“We are happy we have gone this many games without losing, but we are keeping on working hard to try and improve our team because it is just the beginning.”last_img read more

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Don Young raises concerns over AELP purchase

first_imgA Canadian power company has refiled its application to finish its acquisition of Juneau’s power company.Alaska Congressman Don Young has written to express his concern.Listen nowThe latest filing has already attracted at least two critical comments. One of those is a letter from Congressman Young.The Republican representative wants assurances that the Snettisham Hydro Complex — which was was built by the federal government in the 1970s and supplies the lion’s share of Juneau’s electricity — doesn’t pass into foreign ownership.“I can insure (sic) you that it was never Congress’ intent that this asset be transferred for the potential profiteering by Canadian government interests,” Young wrote.The province of Ontario holds a 49.9 percent stake in Hydro One.The state owns Snettisham, but its upkeep is the responsibility of Juneau-based Alaska Electric Light and Power.AEL&P buys all the power Snettisham produces under a 1998 agreement. It also has an option to purchase the hydroelectric complex at any time. That option could pass to Hydro One once it completes its takeover of AEL&P’s parent corporation Avista of Spokane.Young wrote that he doesn’t oppose the acquisition, but wants assurances that the hydro complex will remain in the hands of the state or local owners.Young hinted at Congressional action if those assurances aren’t made. Young’s office declined further comment.State regulators rejected Hydro One’s previous application on a technicality. That filing received more than 30 comments, most of them critical of the deal.The Juneau Assembly is watching the process closely.Earlier this year, the Assembly openly floated the idea making a bid for the power company, But Hydro One says AEL&P is not for sale.The latest filing with the Regulatory Commission of Alaska reopens the public comment period through Dec. 21.last_img read more

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Villagers urged to utilise facilities at Anganwadis in

first_imgWanaparthy: Insisting that the villagers in the rural areas must utilise the facilities provided by the Anganwadis, Nallapotula Gopal, Sarpanch of Konduru village from Pentlavelly mandal of Wanaparthy district, urged the people to send their children who are below five years to Anganwadis and utilise the facilities provided by the government.”The government is providing nutritious food like eggs, Balambrutam, rice and other eatables to children. Not only this, pregnant women are also being provided medicines and healthcare facilities besides nutritious food. People should make use of such facilities,” said the Sarpanch. Also Read – Komatireddy demands funds for local bodies in Yadadri- Bhongir Advertise With Us The Sarpanch later distributed eggs to children and pregnant women of Ward 3 Anganwadi in the village. The Sarpanch also advised the Anganwadi teacher MD Ramija not to misuse the facilities provided to people for their own purpose and warned her of severe action if they find any kind of discrepancy in their service to the children. Vice-Sarpanch Ram, TRS youth wing leader Kethuri Dharmatej and others participated in the programme.last_img read more

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RO water purifier inaugurated at Vanamitra

first_imgVisakhapatnam: As part of Swachh Bharat initiative, HPCL-Visakh Refinery has provided 500 LPH capacity RO water purifier/system and 1,000 litres SS water tank along with a shed amounting to Rs 7.18 lakh and handed over the same to Forest Department, Visakhapatnam for public use in the Nursery (Vanamitra, Endada), Opposite to Indira Gandhi Zoological Park, Visakhapatnam. Also Read – Rs 65.30lakhs Exgratia paid to deceased family Advertise With Us Pushp Kumar Joshi, Director-HR, HPCL inaugurated the 500 LPH capacity RO water system and handed over the same to Forest Department for public use. Addressing the gathering, Joshi appreciated the initiative taken by Dr Jyothi Thullimelli, IFS, Divisional Forest Officer, for this useful project. Dr Jyothi informed that large number of visitors including students will visit Vanamitra every day and this water RO plant will be very much useful for them. Dr Jyothi thanked HPCL towards providing this 500 LPH RO Plant and Shed to Vanamitra. Dr Jyothi also mentioned that the HPCL has become an inspirational PSU in implementing various activities under CSR and Swachh Bharat Abhiyan. V Ratanraj, Chief General Manager-I/C, Visakh Refinery, N Rajarao, Chief General Manager-HR and other officials from HPCL and Forest Department were also present in the function.last_img read more

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Gwyneth Paltrow and Brad Falchuk at each others throats

first_imgGwyneth Paltrow and Brad Falchuk tied the knot in 2018 Alberto E. Rodriguez/Getty ImagesAcademy Award-winning actress Gwyneth Paltrow has been hit by reports that her marriage with Brad Falchuk is on the rocks. The Iron Man actress had tied the knot with the American Horror Story co-producer in September 2018.According to a report in Radar Online,  the couple got into a heated argument while leaving a Los Angeles restaurant on 31 March. A source said: “It looked like they were at each other’s throats.””Gwyneth can be a lot to handle. She’s used to getting her own way in business with her lifestyle brand, Goop, and as a movie star,” the insider added. “But marriage is a whole different story. Brad thinks her ideas are a little wacky.”Adding on, the website claims that Brad was not happy that she invited her former husband, Chris Martin to their honeymoon. The source went on: “He was feeling two’s company and three’s a crowd. Now he’s already feeling that even two might be a crowd!”Gwyneth met Brad back in 2014 on the set of Glee, when she guest starred as substitute teacher Holly Holliday. Despite these reports, the couple have been sharing images of the two on social media, signalling that all is well between them. Adding on, the two were spotted out on a hike in Los Angeles on 9 April. In March, the 46-year-old actress celebrated Brad’s 48th birthday with an Instagram tribute. In her post, she also mentioned his two children from a previous marriage, son Brody and daughter Isabella.”It’s your birthday, but it’s really feels like you are the gift,” she began. “Not just to me, and to @izzyfalchuk and Brody, but to all of us who are fortunate enough to know and love you.””You are my rock, my true north, my favorite person to eat with, to travel with,” she continued. “You are a true friend. You want only what is for the highest good. You always help me see what I can’t. I am so happy you were born @bradfalchuk I love you so much.”last_img read more

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WATCH Bombing Attack Kills 41 In Kabul ISIS Claims Responsibility

first_img Share Explosions caused what Afghan President Ashraf Ghani’s office calls “a massacre” in a Shiite area in Kabul on Thursday. The attack targeted civilians at a cultural center and affected a nearby news agency. At least 41 people died, and dozens more are wounded.“Local media reported there were two suicide bombers,” NPR’s Diaa Hadid reports from Islamabad. “One of them detonated his explosives at the gate of a Shiite cultural center — the blast also damaged an Iranian-owned news agency.”That Iran-backed news outlet, the Afghan Voice Agency, says its offices are housed in the Tabyan Cultural Center that was targeted. It also says one journalist was killed and others were wounded.Shah Marai/AFP/Getty ImagesISIS claimed responsibility for Thursday’s deadly attack on a Shiite cultural center in Kabul. The Taliban issued its own statement, saying it had nothing to do with the attack.The attack struck as people were gathering for a celebration, the U.N. says. After the bombing, ISIS claimed responsibility. The Taliban issued its own statement, saying it had nothing to do with the attack.“I have little doubt that this attack deliberately targeted civilians,” said Toby Lanzer, acting head of the U.N. Assistance Mission in Afghanistan. “Today in Kabul, we have witnessed another truly despicable crime in a year already marked by unspeakable atrocities.”The attack struck on the three-year anniversary of the day that the U.S.-led NATO coalition officially ended its combat mission in Afghanistan, handing off many security duties to local forces.Copyright 2017 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.last_img read more

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