Benefits of cardiorespiratory endurance exercise

first_imgCardiorespiratory endurance is the ability of the body to perform prolonged, large-muscle, dynamic exercise at moderate to high levels of intensity. This includes long walks, jogging, swimming, cycling, aerobic exercises, and dancing. A healthy cardiorespiratory system is essential to high levels of fitness and wellness. The cardiorespiratory system consists of the heart, the blood vessels, and the respiratory system. It picks up and transports oxygen, nutrients, and other key substances to the organs and tissues that need them. It also picks up waste products and carries them to where they can be used or expelled. Cardiorespiratory endurance exercises help the body to become more efficient and better able to cope with physical challenges. The following are the physiological adaptations and long-term benefits of regular endurance exercises: – Improved cardiorespiratory functioning: At rest, a healthy cardiorespiratory system has little difficulty keeping pace with the body’s need for oxygen, fuel, and waste removal. During exercise, however, the demands on the system increase dramatically as the metabolic rate goes up. The principal responses include increased cardiac output and blood pressure; increased ventilation (rate and depth of breathing); increased blood flow to active skeletal muscles and to the heart and constant or slightly increased blood flow to the brain; increased blood flow to the skin and increased sweating; decreased blood flow to the stomach, intestines, liver, and kidneys, resulting in reduced activity in the gastrointestinal tract and reduced urine output. All of these changes help the body to respond to the challenge of exercise in the short term. When performed regularly, endurance exercises also cause more permanent adaptations, which reduce the effort required to carry out everyday activities and make the body better able to respond to physical challenges. – Improved cellular metabolism: Regular endurance exercises improve metabolism at the cellular level by increasing the number of capillaries in the muscles so that they can be supplied with more oxygen and nutrients and can more quickly eliminate waste products. Greater capillary density helps heal injuries and reduces muscle aches. Endurance exercise also trains the muscles to make the most of available oxygen and fuel so that they work efficiently. Exercise increases the size and the number of mitochondria in the muscle cell, thereby increasing the energy capacity of the cell and helping to conserve muscle energy by preventing glycogen depletion and increasing the muscle’s ability to use lactic acid and fats as fuels. Regular exercise also protects the cells from chemical damage. It is believed that ageing and some chronic diseases are linked to cellular damage caused by free radicals. Training activates antioxidant enzymes that prevent free radical damage to cell structures. – Reduced risks of chronic diseases: Regular endurance exercise lowers your risk of many chronic, disabling diseases such as cardiovascular diseases to include high blood pressure, diabetes, unhealthy cholesterol levels and obesity; coronary heart disease to include stroke, kidney failure, and blindness; cancer; type two diabetes; osteoporosis; and deaths from all causes. – Better control of body fat: Too much body fat is linked to a variety of health problems. Healthy body composition can be difficult to achieve and maintain because a diet that contains all essential nutrients can be relatively high in calories, especially for someone who is sedentary. Excess calories are stored in the body as fat. Regular exercise increases daily calorie expenditure so that a healthy diet is less likely to lead to weight gain. Endurance exercises burn calories directly, and, if intense enough, continues to do so due to the rising resting metabolic rate for several hours following an exercise session. – Improved immune function: Exercise can have either positive or negative effects on the immune system, the physiological processes that protect us from disease. Moderate endurance exercise boosts the immune function, whereas excessive training (overtraining) depresses it. Physically fit people get fewer colds and upper respiratory tract infections than people who are not fit. – Improved psychological and emotional well-being: Most people who participate in regular endurance exercise experience social, psychological, and emotional benefits. Performing physical activities provides proof of skill mastery and self-control, thus enhancing self-image. Recreational sports provide the opportunity to socialise, have fun and to strive to excel. It lessens anxiety, depression, stress, anger, and hostility, thereby improving mood and boosting cardiovascular health. It also improves sleep. – Send questions and queries to email address: jenelbro119@hotmail.comlast_img read more

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Kevin Modesti: No end to same problems

first_imgThe bases were loaded. A boy took a mighty cut but hit a topper. The kid on the pitcher’s mound gloved the ball and fired a quick throw to the plate, only to watch it thud against the backstop as a runner scooted home. Where was the catcher? Adults in the bleachers craned their necks and found him flat on his back in the dirt. The hitter apparently had let go of the bat and conked him on the head. As the catcher wobbled to his feet and a few parents brought ice from the concession stand, the umpires and coaches huddled and the chief ump announced a ruling. The play would stand. The run would count. But just so the kids got the message about safety, the ump warned that any future bat-thrower would be tossed out of the game. Most parents nodded, thinking this sounded fair. Except for one of the catcher’s team’s moms, who spoke up loudly. “What?!” she said. “Now we don’t get to throw a bat!” BASEBALL moves from the Winter of Big Mac to yet another Spring of Barry when players report to Arizona and Florida this week. The sport still is searching for some kind of ethical coherence. It’s like looking for a used needle in a haystack, not that steroids are the only issue here. At times like this, I think of the day a few years ago when I took a break from a jog in Woodland Hills to watch a T-ball game. center_img The sense of frontier justice that surrounds baseball – an eye for an eye, a beanball for a beanball, a long-held Dodgers grudge for a never-ending Giants grudge – begins a long way below the major leagues, and maybe even in the womb. It seems designed to ensure the game’s big problems never get solved, only fought over for decades until Joe is in no condition to Say It Ain’t So. Either you work yourself into an indignant fury as the same issues pop up season after season, or you determine to shrug it all off and simply enjoy the fun on the field. Let this be the spring we vow to actually do it. Eat a hot dog and let Bud Selig stew in his sport’s scandals. Look at baseball’s unconvincing efforts to eradicate steroids, and to figure out exactly what was going on when Mark McGwire was hitting 70 home runs in a summer and Barry Bonds was steaming to his 734 (and counting) career homers. The debate about McGwire – rejected for the Hall of Fame this winter – will go on until he’s voted in or 14 more years of eligibility go by, whichever comes first. The argument over Bonds will rage until he retires short of Hank Aaron’s 755, or forever if he breaks the record. If you’re waiting for this to go away, you’ll be waiting your life away. What would make anybody think baseball is about to solve anything? They’re still fussing about Shoeless Joe Jackson and the Black Sox, Eight Men Out, 88 years on. They’ll be fussing about Pete Rose for at least that long, because instead of allowing an up-or-down vote for the Hall of Fame, baseball makes him a perpetual martyr. They’re still looking at every pennant race through the cynical lens of Large Market vs. Small Market, which is the fault of a toothless salary cap. Since baseball’s “luxury tax” system took effect in 2003, the gap has heymodesti@aol.com (818) 713-3616 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img read more

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Green future plotted for former dump

first_imgAlarcón, a former councilman and state senator recently re-elected to the Northeast Valley district, has called closing of the Lopez Canyon Landfill his proudest achievement. “It’s going to take 30 years for this landfill to settle completely and to be restored into something more productive,” he said, flanked by a dozen community members. “But I don’t think it’s too early for us to begin the process of restoration.” The proposed park would be built in stages over the next three decades as 19 million tons of trash settles between Lopez and Kagel canyons. Initial plans call for a 5-acre pocket park north of Van Nuys Boulevard and Fenton Avenue – an area now studded with sycamores, pines and oaks – during the next two years. Horse and hiking trails can then be designed for 235 acres not used to dump trash, with panoramic views of the Valley. City officials said the park would be financed by methane gas proceeds used to restore the dump. “Just think about when it’s all beautified,” said Cile Borman, president of the Foothill Trails District Neighborhood Council, who once helped form a human chain to protest the landfill. “It’s like finding a treasure and retaining it for its glory. Just think – you get birds up here. And quiet.” dana.bartholomew@dailynews.com (818) 713-3730160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! LAKE VIEW TERRACE – For decades, neighbors shut their windows to the hideous smell, dust and noise from the Lopez Canyon Landfill. Now city officials are asking community members to help plan a park on the former 400-acre dump. “This is a very exciting day for the Lake View Terrace and Pacoima area,” City Councilman Richard Alarcón said during a Thursday news conference atop a former mountain of trash. “In the next couple of years, we can turn certain segments of the landfill into a park that can benefit the community.” Today, he will introduce a motion before his council colleagues calling for the city Bureau of Sanitation to design a park and recreation area for the landfill. He has also revived a local committee to help plan the park and determine ways to spend nearly $1 million in landfill energy proceeds. Another $200,000 generated by methane gas energy sales will be spent on the community at large, Alarcón said. The Lake View Terrace and Pacoima Community Advisory Committee, first formed after the dump closed in 1996, once helped steer $5 million in landfill compensation funds for a Lake View Terrace Library and other services. “This landfill, although a blight to the community to begin with, has now become a marvelous asset,” said Phyllis Hines of the Lake View Terrace Improvement Association, who has lived 1 1/2-miles from the dump for 33 years. “I’m thrilled for what’s happening here.” The northeast San Fernando Valley was once home to 35 landfills. Last month, the city announced plans to create a 41-acre recreational park at the former Sheldon-Arleta landfill in Sun Valley. last_img read more

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High Court upholds Muhoroni Youth relegation

first_imgHe says the club also finished bottom of the standings in the 2017 KPL season adding that despite a decision by the Sports Disputes Tribunal (SDT) to reinstate them to play in the previous season damage had been done.Muhoroni had gone to court seeking to overturn their demotion from the top tier league, arguing that their late inclusion into the new season by the tribunal had affected their season.The sugarbelt side alongside Sofapaka started the season almost three weeks after the rest of the teams owing to a case at the tribunal over their dismissal by the Football Kenya Federation (FKF) after failing to pass the Club Licensing test.Justice Majanja says both the FKF and the KPL are all in agreement that the decision to relegate the team is correct.But, the club’s advocate Bruce Odeny speaking to journalists after the judgment expressed his dissatisfaction with the court verdict saying they would be moving to the court of appeal to seek redress.-By Ojwang Joe0Shares0000(Visited 3 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Muhoroni Youth players line up before their match against Kariobangi Sharks at the Kasarani Stadium on November 4, 2017. PHOTO/Timothy OlobuluNAIROBI, Kenya, Jan 22- Muhoroni Youth Football Club has suffered a blow after the Kisumu High Court dismissed with costs an application by the club seeking to be reinstated to the Kenya Premier League (KPL).High Court Judge Justice David Majanja says the club did not demonstrate that the decision to relegate it is grounded on unreasonable rules of standards.last_img read more

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I can get Gunners firing again, says Wenger

first_imgWenger’s side committed far too many errors once again as they slumped to a fourth straight defeat in the Premier League to all but end their hopes of finishing in the top four.The FA Cup holders had been knocked out at the first hurdle by Nottingham Forest earlier this year and they suffered a crushing loss to Manchester City in the EFL Cup final last weekend.The travelling fans voiced their dissent at management during and after the match having seen their team lose for the eighth time in 13 games across all competitions, but Wenger believes he can steady the ship.“It’s the first time it happens in my whole career, I must say,” the Frenchman told Sky Sports after Albion recorded their first win over the north Londoners in 36 years.“It’s not easy, but I have enough experience and enough desire to turn things around and I must say that, at the moment, when you need to stay in the game we are making a few mistakes at the wrong moments.“We have to stick together and focus. We have no other solution.”Asked if he thought the time had come to step aside, Wenger replied: “You focus on your job. These are always the questions you get when you are in the situation we are in.“You do your job and you do the right thing and the things you think are right for the team and that’s it.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Arsenal’s fourth straight loss piled the pressure on manager Arsene WengerLONDON, United Kingdom, Mar 5- Arsenal boss Arsene Wenger feels he is still the right man for the job, despite a 2-1 defeat at Brighton on Sunday marking the club’s worst run in 16 years.The Seagulls raced into a 2-0 lead at the Amex Stadium thanks to goals from Lewis Dunk and Glenn Murray inside the opening half- hour, although Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang pulled one back just before half-time.last_img read more

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PADDY POWER PUTS JIM MCGUINNESS IN FRAME FOR CELTIC JOB

first_imgBetting giants Paddy Power, have installed Jim McGuinness as a 40-1 outsider, to be given the vacant managerial position at Celtic, following the departure of Neil Lennon yesterday. Could Jim McGuinness take over from Neil Lennon at Celtic Park? Paddy Power have placed odds of 40-1 on the Glenties man getting the top job.The Donegal manager is currently preparing his side for the crucial Ulster SFC quarter-final with Derry on Sunday.McGuinness is in the betting alongside some of the biggest names in world football. Alex Ferguson, Kenny Daglish and Jose Mourinho have all been given odds by Paddy Power to take over at Celtic Park.However, McGuinness who is currently employed with the club’s youth academy as a sports psychologist, is ahead of them in the betting.McGuinness is priced at 40/1 alongside former Celtic star John Collins, ex-Croatia manager Slaven Bilic, Derby boss and former England manager Steve McClaren and ex-Spurs manager Martin Jol.For now, McGuinness will focus his attentions on ‘winning matches’ at Celtic Park (Derry), as he looks to guide Donegal into an Ulster SFC semi-final. But at 40-1 Jimmy could be worth a punt!!!PADDY POWER PUTS JIM MCGUINNESS IN FRAME FOR CELTIC JOB was last modified: May 23rd, 2014 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:40-1celtic fcHome-page SportJim McGuinnessNeil LennonnewsPaddy POwerlast_img read more

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Lynch Named PFL Defensive Player of the Week

first_imgDrake University’s Sean Lynch (Hawthorn Woods, Ill.) has been named the Pioneer Football League’s Defensive Player of the Week after leading the league’s top-ranked defense to another standout performance in a 42-25 win at Valparaiso Saturday.Lynch led a defensive effort that allowed just 20 rushing yards and picked off four passes, three in the final five minutes of the contest to dash Valpo’s comeback hopes.Individually, Lynch led the Bulldogs by matching a season-high with nine tackles, six of them solo stops. With 3:28 left in the contest, Lynch intercepted a pass and returned it 38 yards for a touchdown to account for the Bulldogs’ final touchdown of the contest.Lynch is the fourth Bulldog to earn the honor this season joining Nathan Clayberg (Pella, Iowa), Kieran Severa (Lawrence, Kan.) and Will Warner (Pella, Iowa). All three have helped the Bulldogs rank as one of the top defenses in the nation as the team is 11th in total defense (289.4 ypg) and 15th in scoring defense (200 ppg). The Bulldogs also rank in the top 20 nationally in seven other defensive categories.Lynch and that vaunted defense return to Drake Stadium Nov. 3 for a critical PFL match up against PFL leader San Diego. Kickoff with first place in the league standings on the line is set for 1 p.m. Print Friendly Versionlast_img read more

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LYIT TRAFFIC LIGHTS ON THE BLINK…..AGAIN!

first_imgAt this stage some people think they are jinxed!A set of traffic lights outside the LYIT are on the blink again.The lights remained out of action yesterday after they were struck by a vehicle. The lights have been slated by many after a series of ‘stop-start’ incidents since they were installed at the start of the college year in September.Initially the lights were out of sequence and covers had to be put over the lights on the Port Road.The lights were then fixed and appeared that all was fine again.However a row between the installer of the lights and the company responsible for the traffic management system at the entrance to the college led to the lights being completed removed. This row was finally resolved after Traffic Solutions Ltd were paid for their work after the overseeing company went into examinership.That state of peace lasted for a couple of short weeks until yesterday’s debacle.A series of cones have since been installed on the Port Road and no right turn is allowed into the college coming from the Polestar Roundabout or exiting the LYIT.The only person who appears to be happy is the security man overseeing the temporary traffic solution at present.It is hoped that the lights can be restored by this morning! LYIT TRAFFIC LIGHTS ON THE BLINK…..AGAIN! was last modified: December 10th, 2013 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Letterkenny Town CouncilLYITtraffic lightslast_img read more

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GREASE IS THE WORD IN DONEGAL TOWN THIS EASTER

first_imgThe cast of Grease.Grease is a hugely popular Musical with many hit songs and Donegal Drama Circle will bring it alive on the stage of the St Bosco Centre in Donegal Town during Easter Week.Written in 1971 by Jim Jacobs and Warren Casey “Grease” is a story of the lives and loves of the Students of fictional High School “ Rydell High” and attempts to recreate the sounds of the 1950’s Rock and Roll era.It certainly does that and includes many popular and tuneful Songs probably best known from the Film version in 1978 which Starred John Travolta and Olivia Newton John which will still pop up on the Movie Channels.
It ranks in the top 20 of all time Broadway Successes and has been the subject of many high profile revivals in recent years. Looking good for Grease!Grease is a difficult Show to produce as it requires a high standard of Singing, Dancing and Acting from the young cast. 
The Drama Circle in opting for Grease was motivated by TWO factors:
1. It’s a Popular Show
 and secondly – They wanted to reward the Teenagers who have come through the previous Productions of The Wizard of Oz, Annie and Oliver by allowing them to excel in their own Show.The chance to successfully produce Grease only comes along every 8 or 10 years.
It’s like having a successful under 16 Football Team in that you need a bunch of young people who are totally committed, who get along, and who are prepared to work hard and respect their Trainers. 
On this occasion the Drama Circle has the Kids, and the trainers to do the Job and they will “Rock the Bosco” during Easter Week.Director –Amanda Crawford leads her production team and her Group of Teenage” Veterans of the Stage” in the Bosco Centre from Easter Monday.
The Show will commence at 8 pm each Night until Saturday 11th April with no performance on the Thursday Night ( 9th April).As ever the Drama Circle will present some surprises in what will be an action packed Show so all roads lead to Grease at Easter.  GREASE IS THE WORD IN DONEGAL TOWN THIS EASTER was last modified: March 30th, 2015 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Donegal TownGREASElast_img read more

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IT Sligo to host Environmental Science field day

first_imgIT Sligo is hosting an exciting Field Day for people who are interested in finding out more about a career in Environmental Science.Activities on the day will include a visit to near-by sites of geological interest, water quality assessment and soil sampling.The free event will be held at IT Sligo on Saturday, April 14 from 1pm to 5pm and is being hosted by the Department of Environmental Science. The Field Day will be of particular interest to those considering studying Environmental Science at IT Sligo.Dr Frances Lucy, Head of Department of Environmental Science, said: “The day will be run by our experienced lecturing staff who will get the students involved in hands-on field work. It is a real taster day for our well-recognised Environmental Science degrees. If you are enjoying geography and biology at school, this event is for you.“Our graduates are walking straight into well paid jobs in both the public and private sector. For students who like a mix of indoor and outdoor life, this is a great career path involving field work, lots of technology and never a boring day!”Although the event is free, places are limited so booking is essential. To book a place, please contact Dr Frances Lucy at lucy.frances@itsligo.ie by April 12. For more information, see www.itsligo.ie Participants are required to wear warm, waterproof clothing and sturdy footwear. Please bring along wellies, sunscreen and a packed lunch. IT Sligo to host Environmental Science field day was last modified: April 5th, 2018 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Enviromental ScienceField TripIT Sligolast_img read more

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